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The Marble Mountains - Da Nang city

A journey to the Marble Mountains -Five-element mountains , a fairy land with a dreamlike scenery, pagodas, grottoes in Ngu Hanh Son District of central Da Nang City will bring out most relaxing time for visitors.

Ngu Hanh Son (The Marble Mountains) is about 8km southeast of Da Nang City. This is a cluster of five marble mountains lying close to the sea. That is why it is dubbed Hon Non Nuoc, which means Mountain and Water in Vietnamese.

In the early 19th century, King Gia Long, the founder of the Nguyen Dynasty, passed by and named the five mountains as Ngu Hanh Son. He also named each of them according to one of the five elements of the universe: Kim Son (metal of gold), Moc Son (wood), Thuy Son (water), Hoa Son (fire), and Tho Son (earth).

According to oriental philosophy, metal, wood, water, fire and earth are five elements that create the universe. Five is a very important number in oriental mentality and life. And so, the five mountains that compose Marble Mountain are filled with mysterious.

Thuy Son is both the highest and the most beautiful. Marble mountains associates with many different legends. Thuy Son, covering an area of 15ha, has three peaks namely Thuong Thai, Trung Thai and Ha Thai. As a result, the pagoda built on the mountain was named Tam Thai. Thuy Son has been utilised as a popular tourist resort because of its alluring beauty. Stone steps carved into the mountain lead to Tam Thai Pagoda where Phat Di Lac is worshipped. In the past, the pagoda was used to worship Hindu and Buddhist gods and is now dedicated to Cham deities. Also on the cliff of the mountain are such beautiful grottoes as Linh Nham, Van Thong, Tang Chon and Huyen Khong. Huyen Khong Cave was a base for Vietnamese revolutionaries during wartime.

The Marble Mountains are famous for their traditional stone carving activities. In Dong Hai village close to Thuy Son, 600 families chisel stone into statues, jewelry, and art work. Stone from the Marble Mountains has been exported to many countries.

Cultural and historical vestiges are still on every pagoda and tower of the early 19th century and on Champa sculptures of the 14th and 15th centuries. There are poets of the Le and Tran dynasties engraved on stones. All monuments such as the grave of Prince Tran Quang Khai’s mother, a temple for worshiping Princess Ngoc Lan (Minh Mang King’s younger sister), autograph of conferring Tam Thai pagoda to be the national one, Da Chong tunnel, Ba Tho cave, Kim Son mountain, Am Phu cave, etc. are evidence to the legendary Marble Mountains.

The stone carving village stretching along the road leading to the Ngu Hanh Son entrance is also a very attractive sight for visitors. At this village, they can admire all those wonderful works created by patient craftsmen right in their witness. All the stone for the works is quarried from the Marble Mountains.

The Marble Mountains are situated between Da Nang City and Hoi An ancient town, very close to Non Nuoc Beach which stretches for kilometres with clean and white sand. It is one of the nicest beaches in Vietnam, which is very convenient for visitors who want to go climbing and bathing. Ngu Hanh Son is familiar to almost everyone who has been to Da Nang. It is so well known that many people consider it as a symbol of the area.

Source: Hanoitimes

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